The origin of gà nòi is unknown. Its history cannot be
traced due to the lack of documentation. The 30 years civil war ended in 1975
that killed millions and ruined the whole country further contributed to the
lack of information.
Cockfighting in Viet Nam is an old tradition dating back at least 700 years. Gà
Nòi is believed to be native of Viet Nam as there is no credible evidence of
its origination from elsewhere. Gà nòi have been exported to neighboring
countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia in recent decades.
Vietnamese cockers living in the United States had also brought gà nòi to the
States. Fowls bearing physical resemblance to ga noi can also be found in the Reunion Island.
For people who are interested in researching the origin of ga noi, a recent
study conducted by a Japanese team on the origin of all chickens in the world
can be found at www.accessexcellence.org. The new findings by the Japanese
researchers suggest that domestication took place more than 8,000 years ago in
what is now Thailand and Vietnam, the region in which the red jungle fowl is
found today. You can click on this PROTOCHICKEN link to read more about the study.
According to "Đại Nam Quốc Âm
Tự Vị" a linguistic research book in Vietnamese language, published by a
scholar named Huỳnh Tịnh Của (Volume II, in 1896 - page 155), the word
Nòi = bloodline, breed. (Vietnamese writing uses diacritical mark) Gà Nòi = A special type of chicken people breed for fighting purpose. Rặt Nòi(entirely nòi) = A pure breed, no cross-breeding with the
Vương Hồng Sển, a respected author who told stories of cockfighting in 1915 in
his book "Phong Lưu Cũ Mới", published in 1961, gave another
definition of "Nòi" as:
An ancestral line
A distinguish ancestry
A recorded purity of breed of an individual or strain
The DICTIONNAIRE ANNAMITE-FRANCAIS prepared and edited by G�nibrel, J-F-M published in 1898 also
gave similar definition as above.
The term gà nòi refers to two separate breeds of fighting fowls. They
are gà đòn(short for gà nòi đòn) and gà cựa (short for
gà nòi cựa). Đòn = hitting, whipping, caning, thrashing. Cựa = Spur
Gà đòn is the naked-neck type of fowl use in tape-boxing fight. There are two
major breeds of gà đòn. They are Mã lại (hennie)
and Mã chỉ
(regular). There are numerous bloodlines within each breed of gà đòn.
Vietnamese cockers generally breed a fowl to maintain or enhance its fighting
ability, and not paying particular attention to any physical standard.
Consequently, the fowls produced range widely in their physical appearance.
Spur of a 9 months old
Gà đòn is described in many cockfighting manuals as the type of fowl that has
no spur. Such a description refers to fowls that have no spur or very low
protruding spurs from the Central.
According to the Author Vương Hồng Sển, in Central Viet Nam where money was
hard to earn, the life of a fowl is considered valuable. It's more economic to
fight spurless fowl to lessen the chance of death and injury. People of the
Central preferred gà đòn over gà cựa and has developed spurless type of fowl
for endurance fights. They called this type of fowl gà đòn. Today, the term gà
đòn is also used to describe all tape boxing fowls regardless of their spur's
length. (The majority of gà đòn in the South have long spurs)
In general, the fighting technique of Gà đòn differ from Gà cựa. Gà đòn tends
to use its shanks and feet to whip opponent while gà cựa punctures and cuts
with its spurs. �Gà
also grows its spurs at a faster rate in comparison to �Gà đòn�.
Traditionally, people fight gà đòn with blunted spurs or cut them so that the
only combative weapon is the whipping legs.
Head and facial expression
The skull of a gà nòi is large, with a flat top. The face is broad, with large,
raised cheekbones. Gà nòi can shows many different emotions with its facial
expressions. When it is being fed by their owner, gà nòi shows a happy face
expression. When a stranger comes near, it display a curious, wide-eyes staring
look. When placed near an opponent, it shows a mean, daring look. The thick
eyes lids, deep eyes socket, high cheekbones and cold staring of gà nòi set it
apart from a regular chicken.
Large neck with thick, wrinkle skin.
Gà nòi has a large and powerful neck. The neck is medium in length.
Neck bones are huge and tightly joined.
The thick neck skin is wrinkled. They form multiple wavy layers.
Naked up to 1 year.
A question that many people have asked about gà nòi is whether or not its neck
and head are naked naturally or trimmed. The answer is both. Some breeds of gà
nòi are naked naturally, some have more feathers than other but most will be
naked up to one year of age if raised in the hot climate of Viet Nam. The neck
and thigh's feathers may or may not grow back in the second year. Factors such
as bloodline and climate will determine how much these feathers may grow in the
second year. The constant washing of the bird neck can toughen the neck skin and
the feathers may not grow back.
In the United States, g�
nòi can adapts to the cold climate and may possess full feathers at an earlier
age. Most could have full feathers at 9 months of age when raised in the U.S.
Cockers do trim the head, neck, thigh and underwing portions of a gà nòi for
fighting. (Please see the cockfighting section for more information on
To learn about the slow feather development process of gà nòi chicks, please
see the Feather Development page.
The 10 months old blue stag shown here is raised in Viet Nam. All the red skin
are naturally naked as the feathers are still growing.
Some gà nòi have frog eyes. Big eyes are not good for fighting, but frog eyes
belong to a special class. The eyes are big and raised like the eyes of a frog.
Gà nòi that has frog eyes in combination with green legs is known to fight to
its death instead of running.
30 years ago, cockers in South Viet Nam did not like ganoi with yellow legs.
Yellow legs were either seen as inferior or as a crossed fowl with Chinese
chickens used for meat. Yellow legs are probably more acceptable today than in
the past. Please click here
to see a collection of gà nòi legs.
Most gà nòi have two rows of scales forming a zig zag line in the center. Three
or four rows of scales in gà nòi are not common.
Thighs: Muscular. The thigh are usually longer than the
Feet: Medium to tall. Mostly square and triangular
shanks in the old day. Today, round shanks are also plentiful.
Skin: Skin turns red when exposed to plenty of sun
Flesh: Tough. Very tough to chew on their meat even
after you've cooked them.
Bone: Large and heavy
Tail: Short, closed, rather narrowly set, low carried.
Mã chỉ type has long tail and sickles.
Spurs: From two to six. Six spurs are called "lục
Feathers: Not too many feathers on head, neck, and
thighs. Feathers are crude and brittle.
Color intensity: The feathers color is very intense and
Weight: Between 6 lbs. to 11 lbs. (2.8 kg. to 5 kg.)
Crowing: Gà đòn crows relatively little compare to
other type of fowls. The crowing sound is deep and low.
Personality: Possess lot of valor, defiance,
indomitableness, and prowess.
Location: Gà đòn can be found in the following
Northern Viet Nam: The provinces of Lang Son, Bac Giang (formerly Ha Bac),
Central Viet Nam: The provinces of Da Nang, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu
Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan.
Southern Viet Nam: Ba Ria, Dong Nai, Ho Chi Minh (formerly Saigon), Long
Click here for a provincial map of Viet Nam
(Viet Nam is divided into three main regions: North, Central and South. The
Central begin with the province of Thanh Hoá and end with the provinces of Dac
Lak, Lâm Đồng and Bình Thuận.)
So bro sekalian jangan keliru 'GANOI' dan 'SAIGON' tu. Berdasarkan info diatas kalau xsilap aku GANOI bermaksud 'Ayam sabung' atau apa saja ayam yg ada aliran darah sabung kat Vietnam,kat negara kita, kita panggil ayam sabung kat sana sebut ganoi, so bagi aku semua ayam spesis sana terutama botak tapi ori baka sana ( bukan ayam botak jepun!! Haha!) atau patent yang sememangnya datang dari sana dipanggil 'GANOI'. Saigon tu plak nama tempat kat sana maaaaa... So kalau ayam tu dari Saigon kita bley panggil ganoi Saigon, kalau ayam tu dari Ho Chi Minh kita panggil aja ganoi Ho Chi Minh... Kebanyakan geng kita anggap pertkataan Saigon tu sebagai satu spesis tapi bagi aku perkataan Ganoi adalah panggilan tepat kita kepada spesies ayam sabung Vietnam.. Tapi kalau bro semua perasan penerangan atas kalau ganoi tu botak dorang akan panggil GaDon.. Siap ada dua spesies g beb satu jenis ekor panjang n pendek, satu g jenis full botak n half botak..Cuba klik kat link 'Ma Lai' dan 'Ma Chi' kat atas tu bro semua akan dapat lihat contoh dua jenis ganoi.. Ma Lai jenis bulu pondan manakala Ma Chi untuk standard ganoi jantan.. Tapi kebanyakkan memang saiz besar belakalah ganoi ni kalau ori boleh cecah 5kg beb!! Yg ni memang comfirm sebab takat skarang ganoi ori yg penah aku miliki memang besar-besar belaka bley capai 4kg lebey..memang terbukti besar..Tapi kalau ushar kat you tube memang ada yg bley cecah 5kg..sebab banyak spesies.. Unik ya bro.. Fuyooooo...Kalau salah tolong betulkan.. Tapi teman rase.. lantak kitalah nak panggil apa pun kan??? Hahahaha... Bela syok-syok nak tgk spesis botak atau cross bolehla sebab takat aku tgk skarang kalau nak main memang xsyoklah ganoi ni sebab kebanyakan ganoi mainan lembap n xbrapa bijak ..Pukul pun sbiji-sbiji..tapi kadangkala kuarlah buah sakit dia tu sebab keras pukulan ayam ganoi ni...tapi lambat lah...Gu 7 dia baru 2 naik kaki...Kbanyakkan jenis biar je gu pukul..Maklumlah ayam ganoi kan body n leher tanker (kebal) haha...payah nak kena patah...Bila btul2 sakit barula nak start balas..Lagi satu kalau bro perasan kebanyakkan darah ganoi jugak main jenis himpit , kunci dan tekan gu sampai gu mati jalan n letih... ( super lock )..Sepanjang aku duk usharlah... Itu salah satu lagi keunikan baka ganoi..Memang Piaw ( Pure ) batang kakilah ayam ganoi nih... Sebab tu ramai yg cross ganoi ngan baka-baka lain yang dah ada rekod menang (champion-champion kesayangan mereka haha!!) terutamanya Pama atau Pakhoy..Nak amek tulang ngn bodylah katakan...
Orait saja gua kongsi-kongsi sembang sama bro semua...Tq